重新认识屋燕
发布日期:2015-11-17 15:49:04
 说起“屋燕”,很多人误以为就是人工养殖的燕子。但事实上,金丝燕是根本不能够被人工饲养的。 
  最早东南亚有大批到山洞采摘燕窝的人,由于需要攀爬到悬崖峭壁或者深入到不知深浅的洞穴里,“采燕窝”的确是一个高风险的职业。而且采燕人往往采取的是洗劫一空式的采摘方式,这对金丝燕来说,简直就是一场灾难。如今泰国若干小岛的悬崖上,许多腐朽的竹梯通往一度盛产燕窝的洞穴。如今这些洞穴已废弃,鸟儿也不知去向。 
  随着保护自然的呼声日益高涨,印尼华人发明的燕屋应运而生。这些燕屋虽然是人工筑成的,但仅仅只是用来吸引燕子聚居,好让燕子能把窝筑在燕屋里,又有大量的燕窝可收集采摘。毕竟金丝燕是野生的,在燕屋里自由出入,靠自己野外觅食。燕屋内的燕窝,须待小燕子18-24天孵化、45天会飞后,才会被采摘。金丝燕返屋另筑新巢,代代相传、生生不息。 
  《中国国家地理》曾发文指出:“一些曾经是鸟语天堂的燕洞如今已成为金丝燕的噩梦之地。多建燕屋是保护洞燕的一大措施。”滥采滥伐的洞燕黑手和引燕入屋、野生觅食、科学管理、爱燕如命、弃巢始采的屋燕形成鲜明的对比。 
  屋燕比恶劣环境下的洞燕要清洁饱满,细腻润滑,营养价值绝不会低于洞燕,不仅男女老幼四季皆宜,连素食者也可放心进补。 
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